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Note
The party who files an application is the claimant (for simplified proceedings) or applicant (for standard proceedings). The party against whom the application is filed is the respondent.

What to prepare as evidence

You may include proof or evidence of the harassing act in your application or response.

Examples of evidence you may provide include:

  • Emails, blogs, websites, photographs, CCTV footage or any other proof of the harassing act or false statement of fact.
    • For example, if you claim that the harasser has published information that may be used to identify you, include proof of such information and how the harasser tries to identify you through the information.
    • For example, if you claim that a false statement of fact has been published about you, include proof that such statement is false.
  • (If any) Police report.
  • (If any) Medical report.

Note: This list is not exhaustive. There may be other evidence depending on your case.

When to submit

You may submit the documents at the following stages:

If you are the...

Submit documents when...

Claimant or applicant

  • You file your application.
  • The court directs you to do so.

Respondent

  • You file your response.
  • The court directs you to do so.

How to prepare the evidence

You will need to prepare and submit evidence according to the following instructions. The court may reject evidence that does not comply with these instructions.

What you will need

You will need to prepare the following sets of evidence:

  • 1 set for filing in court.
  • 1 set for each party.
  • (If there are witnesses) 1 set for each witness.

These sets must be identical to one another.

Format to follow

If your evidence is in the form of physical documents, you must:

  • Number each page consecutively. Every page must contain a page number at the top right hand corner of the page.
  • (For documents up to 30 pages) Staple the pages firmly at the top left hand corner of the page.
  • (For documents more than 30 pages) Bind the pages with a plastic ring binding or plastic spine thermal binding. Include a transparent cover in front and at the back.
    • If you are filing the application: use red binding.
    • If you are responding to the application: use blue binding.
  • (If the documents are in another language) Include an English translation by a certified translator.

How to submit

How you submit the documents to the court depends on whether your case is under the simplified or standard proceedings.

If your case is under the...

How to submit

Simplified proceedings

Submit through the Community Justice and Tribunals System (CJTS).

The documents must be upload as PDF files. The maximum size for each file is 5MB.

You can submit the evidence when filing your claim. If you wish to submit additional documents in CJTS, select Submit Supporting Documents under theOnline Applications tab. For detailed instructions, refer to the CJTS user guide for protection from harassment claims (PDF, 3358 KB).

Standard proceedings

Submit through eLitigation.

If you are not represented by a lawyer, visit the LawNet & CrimsonLogic Service Bureau to file in person.

If your evidence is in the form of audio or video recordings, you must save the files in a CD-R or DVD-R. Follow these guidelines:

Guideline

Examples

Save the recordings in a CD-R or DVD-R labelled in this format:

  • [Party's name]-[CD-R or DVD-R number]

[Tan Ah Teck Joseph]-[CD1]

[Tan Ah Teck Joseph]-[DVD1]

Save each recording under a file name in this format:

  • [Date of recording in YYYY-MM-DD format]-[Actual time when the recording was taken in HH-MM-SS format]-[Short description of what the recording is meant to show]

Note: The actual time is the time on the day when the recording was taken and not the timestamp in the recorded clip.

[2017-06-05]-[23-11-00]-[Loitering outside workplace]

[2016-06-10]-[09-07-00]-[Scolding vulgarities]

  • Note: For this example, the recording was taken at 9.07am on 10 June 2016.

Identify and transcribe the important parts of each recording that you wish to highlight to the judge.

  • The transcript must state the actions that are seen, the exact words that are used and the sounds that are heard.
  • Include the transcript in a table with the same headers as the following example table.
  • Save the table as a PDF file.

View the example table below.

Example table listing the important parts of each recording:

CD or DVD Label

File name of the recording

Time location in the format
"[HH:MM:SS] to [HH:MM:SS]"

Transcript

[Tan Ah Teck Joseph]-[DVD1]

[2016-06-05]-[23-11-00]-[Loitering outside workplace]

Actual time: [23:11:23] to [23:11:30]
or
Recording time: [01:05:22] to [01:05:25]

Respondent loiters outside the main entrance of the applicant's workplace.

[Tan Ah Teck Joseph]-[DVD2]

[2016-06-10]-[09-07-00]-[Scolding vulgarities]

Actual time: [09:10:22] to [09:12:50]
or
Recording time: [00:35:21] to [00:40:23]

Respondent stands outside the applicant's flat and scolds the applicant vulgarities ("state the exact words").

Additional guidelines:

  • (If you are submitting video recordings) Include screenshots of the important frames in the video recording to support what is stated in the transcript. Save the screenshots as PDF files.
  • (If the words that are used in the audio or video recording are in another language) Include an English translation by a professional translator.

How to submit

You need to submit all of the following to the court:

  • The CD-R or DVD-R containing the recordings.
  • The table of important parts of the recording as a PDF file.
  • (If applicable) Screenshots of important frames in the video recording as PDF files.

How you submit depends on whether your case is under the simplified or standard proceedings:

If your case is under the...

How to submit

Simplified proceedings

Submit the CD-R or DVD-R in person at the State Courts Central Registry during the operating hours.

Submit the other files through the Community Justice and Tribunals System (CJTS). The maximum size for each PDF file is 5MB.

Standard proceedings

Submit all evidence through eLitigation.

If you are not represented by a lawyer, visit the LawNet & CrimsonLogic Service Bureau to file in person.

Need help?

The information here is for general guidance as the courts do not provide legal advice. If you need further help, you may want to get independent legal advice.

Find out more

Resources

Go to Step-by-step guide

Step-by-step guide

2021/07/23

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