What is bail
When an accused person is arrested, they are usually held in custody until dealt with by a court. However, an arrested person may be released from custody if a sum of money, known as bail, is provided to guarantee that they will turn up in court.
The person who posts bail is called a bailor (also known as a surety). The bailor agrees to provide security for the bail amount ordered by the court. If the accused complies with all of the court's directions, the bail amount will be returned to the bailor after the case is concluded.
The bailor has to ensure the accused attends court and complies with other bail conditions. This is a very serious responsibility. If the accused fails to attend court, the bailor may lose all the money or personal belongings deposited as security.
The accused may be offered police bail after their arrest and before they are charged in court.
Once the accused is formally charged in court and until the case concludes, the court may offer bail (court bail) at the court mention.
Once bail is granted, the accused can be released as soon as their bailor's application is approved by the court.
If bail is offered but no bailor comes forward to post bail, the accused will remain remanded in custody unless someone agrees to post bail for them.
- The accused must surrender their passport.
- The accused must not commit any offence while released on bail or on personal bond.
- The accused must not interfere with any witness or obstruct the course of justice.
- The accused must surrender to custody, be available for investigations or attend court hearings whenever required.
- The bailor must not be a co-accused in the same case.
Depending on the nature of the case, the court may also impose other conditions in addition to these usual ones. These conditions will apply so long as the accused is on bail, and until all proceedings relating to the charges against them have concluded.
When the issue of bail is raised at the accused's court mention, the prosecution will propose an initial bail amount for the judge to consider. The accused may counter propose and explain their reasons for lowering the amount.
The judge will consider arguments from both parties when exercising their discretion. The judge may also consider the following factors before fixing the bail amount:
- The nature, number and seriousness of the accused's charges.
- The accused's criminal history.
- The accused's general character.
- The likelihood of the accused abiding to bail conditions.
- The likelihood of the accused turning up for future court hearings.
- The likelihood of the accused leaving the country (also known as flight risk).
- The severity of the punishments prescribed for the offences that the accused is charged with.
Understand what is involved in the court bail process.
This is the process for posting bail for adult offenders.
For a youth offender, refer to Bail for youth offenders.
Check bailor's eligibility and requirements
In general, a bailor should be a Singapore citizen or permanent resident who is at least 21 years old and not currently a bankrupt or facing criminal charges. The court makes the ultimate decision on who can be a bailor.
Make changes, if needed
Find out what to do when circumstances change after posting bail for an accused person.
Receive a refund of bail
If bail was not forfeited, the bailor will get a refund of the money or property posted as bail when they withdraw as a bailor or when the case concludes.
- There has been a material change of circumstances in the case.
- New facts about the case have since come to light.
The accused can make an application through any of the following ways. Approval of the application is subject to the court's discretion: