Refer to the following table to find out the conditions for filing your employment claim at the Employment Claims Tribunals (ECT).
You can file if...
You cannot file if...
You can take a pre-filing assessment on the Community Justice and Tribunals System (CJTS) to check whether your claim can be heard at the ECT.
You will receive a pre-filing assessment ID after completing the pre-filing assessment. Take note of this ID as you will need to provide it when filing your employment claim.
The online pre-filing assessment is not conclusive and is not legal advice. Please seek legal advice if you are uncertain if your claim is within the ECT’s jurisdiction.
The ECT hears the following claims. You may also refer to the First, Second and Third Schedules of the Employment Claims Act for the full list of claims.
Common examples of statutory salary-related claims heard at the ECT include:
Wrongful dismissal claims are made by employees who are dismissed without just cause or excuse.
Refer to the tripartite guidelines on wrongful dismissal for more information.
Employees who have been wrongfully dismissed can file a claim for either of the following:
The ECT does not hear claims for:
Only claims not exceeding S$20,000 may be heard at the ECT.
If you have gone through the Tripartite Mediation Framework or mediations assisted by unions recognised under the Industrial Relations Act, the claim limit is S$30,000.
However, if your claim exceeds the maximum applicable limit, you may abandon the excess amount should you wish for the ECT to hear your claim. If you are unsure, you may seek legal advice on your available options.
You cannot split and file multiple employment claims arising from the same dispute if the only reason for doing so is to bring the amount claimed within the claim limit.
If you have abandoned the excess amount, you cannot recover that amount in a tribunal or any other court.
However, the SCT may hear cases involving independent contractors bound by contracts for services (such as self-employed persons), which are excluded from the ECT.