An Employment Claims Tribunals (ECT) hearing takes place before a judge called the tribunal magistrate. The tribunal magistrate will direct the flow and manner of the proceedings.
Parties will get to present their cases to the tribunal magistrate during the hearing.
You will receive a notification via email 3 days before and via SMS 1 day before your hearing.
Attendance at the hearing is compulsory. If you are unable to attend your hearing on the given date, you may request to change your court date on the Community Justice and Tribunals System (CJTS), subject to the approval of the ECT.
After each party has presented their case, the tribunal will take into account all the facts of the case before making an ECT order, including whether:
Orders made by the tribunal may be enforced in the same manner as a judgment or an order made by a District Court. Depending on the nature of the claim, the tribunal may make one or more of the following orders at the end of the hearing:
The tribunal may make:
The tribunal may also require one party to pay costs to another party or refer both parties for mediation.
The tribunal may:
A copy of the ECT order will be made available to both parties on CJTS.
If a party does not comply with the ECT order, the other party may start enforcement proceedings against them.
A party may also appeal against the decision of a tribunal to the General Division of the High Court if unsatisfied with the decision. To do so, the party must first apply to the District Court for leave (for matters commenced before 1 April 2022) or permission (for matters commenced on or after 1 April 2022) to appeal on any ground involving a question of law or that the claim was outside the jurisdiction of the tribunal.
The information here is for general guidance as the courts do not provide legal advice. If you need further help, you may want to get independent legal advice.Find out more