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In Re B, Adoption by VIA & VIB [2020] SGFC 46

Outcome: Appeal dismissed.  


1  The natural parents appealed against the court’s decision to allow for the adoption of their son (B) by the foster parents. The issue was whether there was a need for the consent of the natural parents for the adoption of B, given that both objected to the application for adoption.

Court’s decision

2  The law itself makes it mandatory for the natural parents’ consent to be provided before allowing the adoption of their child. In certain circumstances however, this consent can be dispensed with. The law recognises that the paramount rights of parents over their child have a fraternal twin – in the shape of parental responsibilities. Where it is evident that the twin set of responsibilities cannot be embraced, alternative plans may need to be looked into for the child: at [35].

3  Parenting calls for much higher bars than loving one’s own child. Parenting involves putting the child’s needs ahead of that of the parent. It calls for consistency, discipline, sacrifice, and the provision of basic comforts: at [49].

4  The welfare of the child includes the general well-being of the child and all aspects of his upbringing – religious, moral as well as physical. His happiness, comfort and security also go towards his wellbeing. A loving parent with a stable home is conducive to the attainment of such well-being. It is not measured in monetary terms: at [49].

This summary is provided to assist the public to have a better understanding of the Court’s judgment. It is not intended to be a substitute for the reasons of the Court. All numbers in bold font and square brackets refer to the corresponding paragraph numbers in the Court’s judgment.

Subject Matters:Adoption of children

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