You must produce evidence in support of your defence at your hearings. This is because the judge can only consider evidence presented in court.
During the trial, the judge will hear the evidence produced by you and the prosecution. The accuracy and credibility of both parties' evidence helps the judge determine what happened in the case, and if you are guilty of the charges against you.
Evidence which can be presented in court by you or the prosecution, subject to the court's discretion, include:
You should prepare your evidence in advance. This is important as the court may ask you and the prosecution to submit any evidence before the actual trial date.
For your evidence to be considered, you will need to:
If you intend to rely on a letter from your company as evidence, the author is the person who signed off on the document. You will need to ask them to attend court to prove that they endorsed the document.
All documents, photographs, videos, reports and objects used as evidence must satisfy the requirements of the law to be admissible. You may refer to the Criminal Procedure Code and the Evidence Act for more information about admissibility of evidence in a criminal trial.
You may wish to compile a list of all the evidence you intend to show in court. This is also known as a list of exhibits.
Your list of exhibits should also indicate which witness will present each piece of evidence at the trial.
During your trial, each piece of evidence will be marked and formally admitted. For example, you may tell the judge during your examination-in-chief, "Your Honour, I would like to admit these photographs as evidence."
Exhibits must be marked and formally admitted into evidence before they can be considered by the judge. The judge will then mark the evidence by naming it with a letter and a number. For example, the judge may say "This photograph of a lamppost is admitted and marked P1." Witnesses will also be identified in the same way, such as PW1 for the first prosecution witness and DW1 for the first defence witness.
For easy identification, you should mark your copy of the evidence with the same letter and number as the court.
A witness is a person who gives information and evidence (also known as testimony) of a case in court. All witnesses must tell the truth when giving their testimonies, and can be questioned by you and the prosecution.
Both you and the prosecution have a right to call witnesses to attend court for the trial. You can ensure all your witnesses attend your trial by applying for a Summons to a Witness.
Before your trial, you may wish to prepare:
The information here is for general guidance as the courts do not provide legal advice. If you need further help, you may want to get independent legal advice.Find out more