A virtual court session is one that is conducted via video conferencing.
Selected court sessions in the State Courts, Family Justice Courts and Supreme Court are held virtually. The court will inform you if your court session will be held via video conferencing.
You can attend a virtual court session if you are a party involved in the case. All virtual court sessions take place as if the parties are in court.
Note: If you are self-represented, ensure that you have your identification document ready to present to the court via the webcam, so that the court can verify your identity.
You should inform the court if there are any other persons present with you at the virtual court session, even if they are not captured in the video. No one should attend the virtual court session if the court is not aware of their presence.
For self-represented litigants:
To better prepare yourself for a virtual court session, you may refer to the checklist below:
Each court has specific guidelines that parties must follow.
Refer to the resources by the court that your case is heard in:
Guide to video conferencing with the courts using Zoom (PDF, 550 KB).
Family Justice Courts
You may also refer to the Singapore Academy of Law's guide to virtual hearings without tears for more information.
Select an indoor, private and quiet location to participate in the virtual court session, preferably without the presence of children or pets. You should not be outdoors or at a location where other persons who are not parties to the case may listen to the court session.
Be mindful of the backdrop to be shown on screen. Choose a plain backdrop, such as a plain wall, window or blinds.
For Family Justice Courts (FJC) virtual court sessions, unrepresented parties may come down to the FJC to use the Zoom facilities provided, if they are unable to find a suitable location to participate in the virtual session.
The court will only admit you into the virtual court session if you comply with the the respective court's naming convention for your display name.
Refer to the naming convention set out in the court notice or correspondence you received for the virtual court session.
You should dress and behave in the same way you would if you were to attend a court session physically, except that you do not need to stand or bow towards the State Crest or judge at the start or end of the session, or stand when addressing the court.
You should dress neatly and appropriately as though you are appearing in court in person:
If you are not dressed appropriately, you will not be allowed to participate in the virtual court session.
Follow these guidelines during the virtual court session:
You should not...
If your case is held in the State Courts, you may inform the court at least 7 days before the virtual court session so that the court can give any directions needed.
If your case is held in the Family Justice Courts (FJC), you may arrange to use video conferencing facilities available at the courts.
Contact the court for more information:
If your case is held in the Supreme Court and you have any concerns attending by video conferencing and would like to attend in person instead, you may write in to inform the court within the time specified in the notice you received for the court session.