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This page is for matters that the Rules of Court 2021 apply to. For content relating to matters that the Rules of Court 2014 apply, click here.

If you are uncertain as to which version of the Rules of Court applies to your matter, click here.

Before you file a civil claim

A civil action begins when a party (the claimant) files a claim document called an originating process against another party (the defendant).

This document can either be an originating claim (OC) or an originating application (OA), depending on the nature of the case.

Refer to the following to find out in which court process you have to follow and the conditions that apply:

You will have to...

The process applies for any of the following...

Start a civil claim by originating claim (simplified civil process)
  • Your case is heard in the Magistrate's Court where the claim sum does not exceed $60,000.
  • Your case is heard in the District Court where the claim amount is between $60,000 and $250,000, or up to $500,000 (for road traffic accident claims or claims for personal injuries arising out of industrial accidents) and all parties to the case consent for the simplified civil process to apply.
Start a civil claim by originating claim
  • Your case is heard in the District Court where the claim amount is between $60,000 and $250,000, or up to $500,000 for road traffic accident claims or claims for personal injuries arising out of industrial accidents.
  • Your case is heard in the General Division of the High Court where the claim amount exceeds $250,000 or exceeds $500,000 for road traffic accident claims or claims for personal injuries arising out of industrial accidents.
Start a civil claim by originating application

It is required by law or concerns matters of law where the material facts are not in dispute.

Alert-2 Note

This page is for matters that the Rules of Court 2021 apply to. For content relating to matters that the Rules of Court 2014 apply, click here.

If you are uncertain as to which version of the Rules of Court applies to your matter, click here.


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