This is the process to appeal against a civil decision by a registrar in the General Division of the High Court.
If you wish to appeal a decision by another judicial officer, refer to:
If you are unsure who made the decision, contact the court to check.
You should be a party in a civil case, such as the:
You may file an appeal against a decision made by a registrar in the General Division of the High Court if you are not satisfied with it and wish to reverse or vary it.
You do not need permission from the court to file this appeal.
Refer to the following on how to appeal against a decision by a registrar in the General Division of the High Court.
Who can file
A party in a civil case in the General Division of the High Court.
What can be appealed
A decision by a registrar in the General Division of the High Court.
When to file and serve
In general, the notice of appeal in Form 35, Appendix A, Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021 must be filed and served on the opposing party within 14 days after the registrar’s decision, including on costs (refer to Order 18 Rule 24 of the Rules of Court 2021 ).
However, in respect of appeals arising from matters within a Single Application Pending Trial (SAPT) where all matters in the SAPT are to be heard before the registrar, the time for the filing of an appeal does not start to run until all matters including costs have been heard and determined by the registrar.
Refer to this table for more information.
Refer to this list.
Who will hear the appeal
A judge in the General Division of the High Court.
How to file
If you file the appeal, you are the appellant. The other party is the respondent.
Each party can only file one notice of appeal for each application unless the court otherwise directs.
A table illustrating when time starts to run for the filing and serving of the notice of appeal under certain common scenarios is set out below and this is subject to any other directions which the court may give:
Nature of Application
When time starts to run
|Non-SAPT (e.g. an application concerning one of the matters under Order 9 Rule 9(7) of the Rules of Court 2021 ).||When the registrar has heard and determined the application, including costs.|
In a SAPT where all the matters are to be heard by a registrar.
When the registrar has heard and determined all the matters in the SAPT, including costs.
|In a SAPT with one or more matters to be heard before a registrar and one or more matters to be heard before a judge.||When the registrar has heard and determined all the matters before the registrar (including costs), even when there are matters that have not been heard and determined by the judge.|
The estimated fees include:
Item or service
File the Notice of Appeal
|File the written submissions|
No filing fees unless the page limit is exceeded. You will need the permission of the court to exceed the prescribed page limit. If you have such permission, the fees that will be imposed are:
(a) $10 per page for the first 10 pages or less exceeding the limit; and(b) N + $10 per page (where “N” is the fee payable per page for the previous 10 pages) for every subsequent 10 pages or less, subject to a maximum of $100 per page.
Note: This table does not include additional fees payable to the LawNet & CrimsonLogic Service Bureau.
You may choose to file personally or through a lawyer. If you are represented by a lawyer, the documents will be filed by your lawyer.
Follow these steps to file an appeal.
If you are representing yourself, visit the LawNet & CrimsonLogic Service Bureau at the Supreme Court to file the Notice of Appeal (Form 35, Appendix A, Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021) via eLitigation. You will need to pay the filing fees.
If the court accepts your notice of appeal, the Service Bureau will inform you to return to collect the notice of appeal issued by the court. This will include the details of your appeal hearing.
When: after filing the notice of appeal
You must serve the notice of appeal issued by the court on the other party (the respondent) within the prescribed timelines for filing of the notice of appeal. This means giving them a copy of the notice of appeal in any of the following ways set out in Order 7 Rule 3 of the Rules of the Court 2021.
Both you and the respondent must attend court for the appeal hearing at the date and time mentioned in the notice of appeal.
Tip: If you are unable to attend, you must request to change the hearing date, subject to the court's approval.
Only written submissions with a page limit of 35 pages (including the cover page and table of contents) and bundle of authorities (if any) may be filed for the appeal, unless the judge otherwise orders.
The parties to the appeal must file their written submissions in accordance with the timelines set out in Order 18 Rule 25(5) of the Rules of Court 2021. The written submissions must include, in the concluding paragraphs, submissions on the appropriate costs orders to be made in the appeal.
Please refer to Paragraph 114 of the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021 for more information on the filing of the documents for the appeal. In particular, please note that you are to tender one hard copy of the written submissions and bundle of authorities (if any) to the Registry within the timelines prescribed in Order 18 Rule 25(5) of the Rules of Court 2021.
You must serve the relevant documents for the appeal on the respondent within the prescribed timelines in the Rules of Court 2021. This means giving them a copy of the documents in any of the ways set out in Order 7 Rule 3 of the Rules of the Court 2021.
Both you and the respondent must attend case conferences when notified by the court. Further directions may be provided at the case conferences.
The appeal before the judge will proceed by way of a rehearing on the documents filed by the parties before the registrar. A judge in the General Division of the High Court will decide whether to allow or dismiss your appeal.
This is the general process during an appeal hearing:
The court may issue a decision on the day of the hearing or choose to reserve judgment. If the court chooses to reserve judgment, you will receive further directions on what happens next.
There are 2 possible outcomes:
If your appeal is allowed
You get some or all of the changes you asked for, either in full or in part. The court may vary or overrule the original court’s decision, or make a new order.
If your appeal is dismissed
There are no changes to the original court's decision.
Yes, you may withdraw your appeal. Please inform the court as soon as possible if you wish to withdraw your appeal.
Generally, filing fees are not refundable if the appeal is withdrawn.
You will receive a notice of appeal from the party who filed the appeal. This will include the date and time of the hearing. You must attend court. The appeal will proceed by way of a rehearing on the documents filed by the parties before the registrar.
Please refer to “Before the hearing" for the documents that are to be filed and served for the appeal.
You must serve the relevant documents for the appeal on the appellant within the prescribed timelines in the Rules of Court 2021. This means giving them a copy of the documents in any of the ways set out in Order 7 Rule 3 of the Rules of the Court 2021 .
Before the appeal hearing, you must attend pre-trial conferences when notified by the court.