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This page is for matters that the Rules of Court 2021 apply to. For content relating to matters that the Rules of Court 2014 apply, click here.

If you are uncertain as to which version of the Rules of Court applies to your matter, click here.

Note

This is the process to appeal against a civil decision by the Appellate Division of the High Court.

If you wish to appeal other types of decisions, you may refer to:

If you are unsure who made the decision, contact the court to check.

General overview

Under the Rules of Court 2021, there are different processes governing Order 18 and Order 19 appeals that are made to the Court of Appeal.

Order 18 appealsOrder 18 governs appeals from applications in actions.
Order 19 appeals

Order 19 governs appeals from judgments and orders after trial. “Trial” is defined to mean the hearing on the merits of an originating claim or an originating application
“Judgment” under Order 19 of the Rules of Court 2021 means a judgment given by the lower court: 

  1. In a trial, and includes a case where judgment is given or the action is dismissed at trial because one or more parties are absent.
  2. After damages are assessed or accounts are taken.
  3. In an application for a committal order for contempt of court.
  4. In an application for a prerogative order.
  5. In an appeal against a judgment described in paragraphs 1 to 4.

Who can appeal

You should be a party in a civil case, such as the:

  • Party who filed a claim or an application: claimant or applicant.
  • Party against whom a claim or an application is filed: defendant or respondent
  • Third party.

What you can appeal against

You may file an appeal against a decision made by the Appellate Division of the High Court if you are not satisfied with it and wish to reverse or vary it.

You will need permission from the Court of Appeal in order to file an appeal against a decision made by the Appellate Division of the High Court. Permission to appeal will be granted only in limited circumstances, given that the matter would already have been considered once on appeal, and only if the appeal will raise a point of law of public importance.

In most cases, after a decision made by a judge in the General Division of the High Court, there will generally be only one tier of appeal, either to the Appellate Division of the High Court or the Court of Appeal.

For example, you may refer to the Ninth Schedule to the Supreme Court of Judicature Act.

Some common examples include cases where:

  • The judgment or order is made by consent of the parties.
  • The Appellate Division of the High Court makes an incidental direction or interim order under section 40(1) of the Supreme Court of Judicature Act.
  • The Appellate Division of the High Court gives or refuses permission to appeal against a decision of the General Division of the High Court.

    Before you appeal: apply for permission to appeal

    To appeal against a decision by the Appellate Division of the High Court, you will first need to apply to the Court of Appeal for permission to appeal. Permission to appeal will be granted only if the appeal will raise a point of law of public importance. See Order 18 Rule 29(5) and Order 19 Rule 26(5) of the Rules of Court 2021 for the matters the Court of Appeal will have regard to when deciding whether to grant permission to appeal.

    Key facts

    Refer to the following on how to apply for permission to appeal against a decision of the Appellate Division of the High Court:

    Estimated fees

    Refer to this list.

    How to file

    Through eLitigation. Please see below for more information. 

    What to do after you filePlease see below for more information.
    Possible outcomes of the applicationPlease see below for more information.
    Points to note when filing (including when to file)Please see below for more information.

    Estimated fees

    The estimated fees include:

    Item or service

    Fee

    File the Originating Application

    • If the value of your case is up to $1 million: $500
    • If the value of your case is more than $1 million: $1,000

    File the written submissions

    No filing fees unless the page limits are exceeded. 

    You will need the permission of the court to exceed the prescribed page limit. If you have such permission, the fees that will be imposed are: 

    • $20 per page for the first 10 pages or less exceeding the limit. 
    • N + $20 per page (where “N” is the fee payable per page for the previous 10 pages) for every subsequent 10 pages or less, subject to a maximum of $200 per page.

    Note: This table does not include additional fees payable to the LawNet & CrimsonLogic Service Bureau.

    How to file

    You may choose to file personally or through a lawyer. If you are represented by a lawyer, the documents will be filed by your lawyer.

    If you are representing yourself, follow these steps to apply to the Court of Appeal for permission to appeal. 

    Visit the LawNet & CrimsonLogic Service Bureau at the Supreme Court to file the following documents via eLitigation:

    • An Originating Application for permission to appeal.
    • Written submissions (Form 26, Appendix B, Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021).
    • A bundle of documents (if any) that are relevant to the application and that were filed in the proceedings below, subject to a page limit of 25 pages.
    • A bundle of authorities (if any). Please note that a bundle of authorities does not have to be filed electronically. However, if you choose not to file a bundle of authorities electronically, you are required to file a list of authorities electronically (that corresponds to the index of the actual copy of the bundle of authorities), and a soft copy of the bundle of authorities in Portable Document Format (PDF) in a CD-ROM must be tendered to the Registry.

    Note: No affidavit is to be filed without the permission of the Court of Appeal. The court may also direct that you tender hard copies of the documents.

    If the court accepts your application documents, the Service Bureau will inform you to return to collect the endorsed Originating Application issued by the court.

    You must serve the Originating Application on the other party (the respondent) through personal service as defined under Order 7 Rule 2 of the Rules of Court 2021 . For example, you may deliver a hard copy to the other party in-person. The written submissions, bundle of documents (if any) and bundle of authorities (if any) must also be served within the same prescribed timeline but they need not be served through personal service.

    After you file

    The Court of Appeal will inform you if there will be an oral hearing to decide whether to grant you permission to appeal.

    If there is an oral hearing

    The court will inform you of the location (if it is a physical hearing), date and time through a notice. Both you and the other party in the case must attend.

    If there is no oral hearing

    The court will inform you in writing of the outcome of the application. 

    Possible outcomes of the application

    What happens next depends on the decision of the Court of Appeal:

    If the Court of Appeal grants you permission

    If you have been granted permission to appeal, you should take note of the timelines for you to file and serve the notice of appeal.

    You must file and serve the notice of appeal in Form 35, Appendix A of the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021 against the Appellate Division of the High Court’s decision within:

    • 1 month after the date on which permission to appeal is granted if the application for permission to appeal is filed before 1 April 2022.
    • 14 days after the date on which permission to appeal is granted if the application for permission to appeal is filed on or after 1 April 2022.

    If the Court of Appeal does not grant you permission

    That is the end of the matter. You cannot proceed with the appeal.

    Points to note when filing an application for permission to appeal on or after 1 April 2022

    You should refer to the following table which sets out points relating to applications for permission to appeal to the Court of Appeal which applicants should take note of.

    This table only applies to applications for permission to appeal filed on or after 1 April 2022.

    This is only meant as a guide and should be read subject to all the relevant provisions in the Supreme Court of Judicature Act, the Rules of Court 2021, and the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021.

    Court to which the application should be made

    The application (via an originating application) should be made directly to the Court of Appeal. 

    The application should not be filed in the Appellate Division of the High Court via a summons. 

    Timeline for the filing of an application

    The application must be filed to the Court of Appeal within:

    • 7 working days after the date of the Appellate Division of the High Court’s decision (where the decision of the Appellate Division of the High Court was made before 1 April 2022).
    • 14 days after the date of the Appellate Division of the High Court’s decision (where the decision of the Appellate Division of the High Court was made on or after 1 April 2022) (refer to Order 18 Rule 29(1) and Order 19 Rule 26(1) of the Rules of Court 2021).
    Documentation and filing issues

    To avoid errors, you should note the following:

    • As an applicant, you must provide security for the opposing party’s costs in the amount of $5,000 and file the requisite certificate for security for costs in Form 36, Appendix A of the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021, as required under Order 18 Rule 35(5) and Order 19 Rule 35(6) of the Rules of Court 2021.
    • Affidavits cannot be filed for an application for leave to appeal without the permission of court.
    • As an applicant, you must file the application, the written submissions, a bundle of documents (if any) and a bundle of authorities (if any) at the same time.
    • If you are the party opposing the application, you must file written submissions, a bundle of documents (if any) and a bundle of authorities (if any) at the same time within 14 days after the applicant has served the application documents.
    • You should also take note of the prescribed page limits for the written submissions and bundle of documents which are set out in the Rules of Court 2021.
      • Written submissions should not exceed 15 pages.
      • The bundle of documents should not exceed 25 pages.
      • These page limits include the cover page and any table of contents.
    • Under the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021:
      • Cover pages are mandatory for all documents.
      • A table of contents is mandatory for all documents for which the prescribed page limit is 20 pages or higher.
    Formatting requirements for written submissions

    When preparing the written submissions, you should use the correct form prescribed by paragraph 126(2) of the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021 (Form 26/27 of Appendix B) and make sure the written submissions comply with the formatting requirements set out in paragraph 120(2) of the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021.

    You should also note that:

    • Where the written submissions refer to a document, you should indicate where the document can be found in the bundle of documents. If the document is not in the bundle of documents, you should provide:
      • A clear description of the document.
      • The date on which the document was electronically filed.
      • Where the document forms part of an electronic filing, the exact page of the PDF version of the electronic filing where the document may be found.
    • Written submissions should include a party’s submissions on costs. A party should state the appropriate costs order and the quantum (including disbursements) which should be awarded and the reasons for it.

    Appeal against a decision made by the Appellate Division of the High Court

    Key facts

    Refer to the following on how to appeal against a decision by the Appellate Division of the High Court if the Court of Appeal has granted you permission to do so.

    If you file the appeal, you are the appellant. The other party is the respondent.

    Estimated fees

    The estimated fees include:

    Item or service

    Fee

    Security for costs

    $15,000 for appeals from applications in actions (Order 18 appeals).

    $20,000 for appeals from judgments and orders after trials (Order 19 appeals).

    File the notice of appeal
    • If the value of your case is up to $1 million: $1,000
    • If the value of your case is more than $1 million: $2,000
    File the written submissions (for Order 18 appeals)No filing fees unless the page limit is exceeded. You will need the permission of the court to exceed the prescribed page limit. If you have such permission, the fees that will be imposed are set out at the last row of this table.

    File the appellant's Case (for Order 19 appeals)

    $3,000 if the page limit is not exceeded. You will need the permission of the court to exceed the prescribed page limit. If you have such permission, the fees that will be imposed are set out at the last row of this table.  

    File the core bundle (for Order 19 appeals)

    No filing fees unless the page limit is exceeded. You will need the permission of the court to exceed the prescribed page limit. If you have such permission, the fees that will be imposed are set out at the last row of this table. 

    Fees imposed for exceeding page limit

    Where the page limit for the written submissions (for Order 18 appeals), the appellant’s case (for Order 19 appeals) and core bundle (for Order 19 appeals) is exceeded, the fees that will be imposed are: 

    • $20 per page for the first 10 pages or less exceeding the limit.
    • N + $20 per page (where “N” is the fee payable per page for the previous 10 pages) for every subsequent 10 pages or less, subject to a maximum of $200 per page.

    Note: This table does not include additional fees payable to the LawNet & CrimsonLogic Service Bureau.

    How to file

    You may choose to file personally or through a lawyer. If you are represented by a lawyer, the documents will be filed by your lawyer.

    Follow these steps to file an appeal:

    The security for costs serves as a deposit for the respondent’s costs of appeal. The amount depends on whether the appeal falls under Order 18 or Order 19 of the Rules of Court 2021 (refer to Order 18 Rule 30(5) and Order 19 Rule 27(5) of the Rules of Court 2021):
    Order 18 appeals$15,000
    Order 19 appeals$20,000

    The Court of Appeal may order further security for costs to be given.

    You may provide the amount for the security for costs in one of the following ways:

    • Deposit it with the Supreme Court Legal Registry.
    • Deposit it with the Accountant-General's Department.
    • Via an undertaking by your lawyer.
    • In any other form acceptable to the parties.

    How to deposit with the Supreme Court Legal Registry

    You must deposit the security for costs either by electronic payment or by making payment at the Supreme Court (refer to paragraph 20(6) of the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021).

    You will need to provide proof of such deposit when filing your appeal.

    How to deposit with the Accountant-General

    You may pay the security for costs into court by filing File a Direction to Accountant-General for Payment In via eLitigation. If you are representing yourself, visit the LawNet & CrimsonLogic Service Bureau to file. Please refer to paragraph 20(4) of the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021 for more information.

    If you are representing yourself, visit the LawNet & CrimsonLogic Service Bureau at the Supreme Court to file the following documents via eLitigation:

    You will need to pay the filing fees.

    When filing the notice of appeal, please ensure that you correctly select whether the appeal is to be made under Order 18 or Order 19 of the Rules of Court 2021. 

    If the court accepts your notice of appeal, the Service Bureau will inform you to return to collect the notice of appeal issued by the court.

    When: after filing the notice of appeal

    You must serve the notice of appeal issued by the court on the other party (the respondent) within the prescribed timelines for filing of the notice of appeal. This means giving them a copy of the document in any of the ways set out in  Order 7 Rule 3 of the Rules of Court 2021.

    After you file

    When the record of proceedings are ready, you will receive a notice to collect the record of proceedings/written decision/certified transcript at the Supreme Court. You should read these documents carefully and consider if you wish to continue with the appeal. You may wish to seek legal advice on the merits of your case.

    The court will also inform you if there will be an oral hearing. 

    If there is an oral hearing

    The court will inform you of the location (if it is a physical hearing), date and time. Both you and the respondent must attend.

    If there is no oral hearing

    The court will inform you in writing of the outcome of the appeal.

    Tip

    If you are unable to attend, you must request to change the hearing date, subject to the court's approval.

    Before the hearing: file and serve the relevant documents for the appeal

    How to file 

    File the documents via eLitigation. If you are representing yourself, visit the LawNet & CrimsonLogic Service Bureau to file. Please ensure that the correct document code is selected for the filing of all documents on eLitigation. 

    How to serve

    You must serve the relevant documents for the appeal on the respondent within the prescribed timelines in the Rules of Court 2021. This means giving them a copy of the document in any of the ways set out in  Order 7 Rule 3 of the Rules of Court 2021

    What documents to file and serve

    The documents that are required to be filed and served would depend on whether the appeal falls within Order 18 or Order 19 of the Rules of Court 2021.

    The appeal will proceed by way of a rehearing on the documents filed by the parties before the Appellate Division of the High Court.

    You should refer to the following table for the documents that are to be filed and served for the appeal. When you are required to file and serve these documents would depend on the certification given by the Appellate Division of the High Court concerning the grounds of decision. Please refer to Order 18 Rule 33(5) of the Rules of Court 2021 for the timelines that are applicable to your case.

    Written submissions (including any bundle of authorities)

    Please note that there is a prescribed page limit of 35 pages for the written submissions.

    The written submissions must include, in the concluding paragraphs, submissions on the appropriate costs orders to be made in the appeal.

    If you refer to a document in the written submissions, you should indicate where the document can be found in the case file in the proceedings in the Appellate Division of the High Court. You should provide:

    • A clear description of the document.
    • The date on which the document was electronically filed.
    • Where the document forms part of an electronic filing, the exact page in the PDF version of the electronic filing where the document may be found. 
    Appeals Information SheetThis is to be completed using Form 19, Appendix B, Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021 and is to be filed and served along with the written submissions. 
    To proceed with the appeal, you should file and serve all of the following documents within 8 weeks after the date on which the Registry informs the parties that the record of proceedings is available (refer to Order 19 Rule 30(5) of the Rules of Court 2021):

    Supplemental record of appeal

    The record of appeal filed in the Appellate Division of the High Court is treated as the record of appeal in the appeal to the Court of Appeal, and the appellant must file and serve a supplemental record of appeal (refer to Order 19 Rule 30(5) of the Rules of Court 2021). Please refer to Form 22, Appendix B, Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021

    When preparing the supplemental record of appeal, please refer to the requirements set out in Order 19 Rule 30(5)(a) of the Rules of Court 2021 and  paragraph 121 of the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021 .

    Appellant’s case (including any bundle of authorities)

    Please note that there is a prescribed page limit of 55 pages for the appellant’s case. 

    The appellant’s case must contain certain information (refer to Order 19 Rule 31 of the Rules of Court 2021). For example, it should contain:

    • The circumstances out of which the appeal arises.
    • The issues arising in the appeal.
    • Your arguments (submissions) for the appeal and authorities (relevant case law, statutes, subsidiary legislation and other material) that support your submissions.
    • In the concluding paragraphs, your submissions on the appropriate costs order to be made on appeal and submissions on the amount of costs and disbursements that should be awarded.
    Appellant’s core bundle of documents

    Please note that there is a prescribed page limit of 55 pages, excluding the written judgment or grounds of decision of the Appellate Division of the High Court (if any) and the extracted order of the Appellate Division of the High Court.

    When preparing the core bundle of documents, please refer to the requirements set out in paragraph 121 of the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021. In particular, note that the contents of the appellant’s core bundle of documents must be arranged in the following separate volumes and filed as separate documents:

    • Volume I – A certified copy of the judgment or grounds of decision of the Appellate Division of the High Court, the extracted order of the Appellate Division of the High Court, and a contents page listing the documents included.
    • Volume II – All other documents referred to in Order 19 Rule 3 of the Rules of Court 2021 and a table of contents listing the documents included.
    Appeals Information SheetThis is to be completed using Form 19, Appendix B, Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021 and is to be filed and served along with the appellant’s Case.

    Points to note for Order 18 appeals and Order 19 appeals

    You should refer to the following table which sets out points that you should take note of.

    This is only meant as a guide and should be read subject to all the relevant provisions in the Rules of Court 2021 and the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021.

    Cover pages and table of contents

    The cover pages and the table of contents are to be included in the page count for the purposes of determining whether a document is within the prescribed page limit.

    Cover page(s) are mandatory for all documents and must be included at the beginning of the document.

    A table of contents is mandatory for all documents for which the prescribed page limit is 20 pages or higher, and must be included at the beginning of the document immediately after the cover page(s).

    Formatting requirements

    Please refer to paragraph 120(2) of the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021 for the formatting requirements for written cases and written submissions:

    • All pages must be paginated, with the page numbers corresponding to the PDF version of the document.
    • The minimum font size to be used is Times New Roman 12 or its equivalent.
    • The print of every page must be double-spaced.
    • Every page must have a margin on all 4 sides, each of at least 35mm in width.

      Electronic filing

      Save for the following documents, all documents (including the core bundle of documents) that are required to be filed are to be electronically filed through eLitigation by the relevant deadlines:

      • The supplemental record of appeal does not have to be filed electronically. However, if you choose not to file the supplemental record of appeal electronically, you are required to file the form of the supplemental record of appeal in Form 22, Appendix B, Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021. A soft copy of the supplemental record of appeal in Portable Document Format (PDF) in a CD-ROM must be tendered to the Registry.
      • A bundle of authorities does not have to be filed electronically. However, if you choose not to file a bundle of authorities electronically, you are required to file a list of authorities electronically (that corresponds to the index of the actual copy of the bundle of authorities), and a soft copy of the bundle of authorities in Portable Document Format (PDF) in a CD-ROM must be tendered to the Registry.

        Provision of hard copies and soft copies

         

        At your appeal hearing

        The Court of Appeal will decide whether to allow or dismiss your appeal.

        This is the general process during an appeal hearing:

        • The court will ask you (the appellant) to present your arguments for the appeal.
        • The court will hear from the respondent, who may respond to your arguments and present their case.
        • The court may then ask you to reply to the respondent.

        The court may issue a decision on the day of the hearing or choose to reserve judgment. If the court chooses to reserve judgment, you will receive further directions on what happens next.

        Possible outcomes of appeal

        There are 2 possible outcomes:

        If your appeal is allowed

        You get some or all of the changes you asked for, either in full or in part. The court may vary or overrule the original court’s decision, or make a new order.

        If your appeal is dismissed

        There are no changes to the original court's decision.

         

        Need help?

        The information here is for general guidance as the courts do not provide legal advice. If you need further help, you may want to get independent legal advice.

        Find out more

        Resources

        Legislation associated with this topic includes:

        Related questions

        At any time before the appeal is heard or dealt with, you may file and serve on the parties to the appeal a notice of the withdrawal of the appeal in Form 34, Appendix A, Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021.

        Upon the filing of Form 34 and if there are no outstanding issues relating to costs or other matters, the appeal is deemed withdrawn. If all the parties to the appeal consent to the payment of the security for costs to the appellant or the respondent (as the case may be), the appellant or the respondent (as the case may be) must file the document signifying such consent signed by the parties and in such event, the security for costs must be paid to the appellant or the respondent (as the case may be) and any solicitor’s undertaking is discharged.

        If there are outstanding issues relating to costs or other matters, the appellant or any other party to the appeal may make a written request to the Court of Appeal for directions on those issues.

        Generally, filing fees are not refundable if the appeal is withdrawn.
        If there is consent between the parties as to the payment of the security for costs, the security will be paid out pursuant to the terms of agreement.

        If there is no consent between the parties as to the payment of the security for costs, parties may make a written request to the Court of Appeal for directions on the disposal of the security for costs.

        If costs have been awarded in your favour, you may request the deposit to be returned to you.

        If costs have been awarded against you, the deposit will go towards the amount of costs that have been awarded against you.

        For Order 18 appeals

        You will receive a notice of appeal from the party who filed the appeal. The appeal will proceed by way of a rehearing on the documents filed by the parties before the Appellate Division of the High Court.

        You should refer to the following table for the documents that are to be filed and served for the appeal. When you are required to file and serve these documents would depend on the certification given by the Appellate Division of the High Court concerning the grounds of decision. Please refer to Order 18 Rule 33(5) of the Rules of Court 2021 for the timelines that are applicable to your case.

        Written submissions (including any bundle of authorities)

        Please note that there is a prescribed page limit of 35 pages for the written submissions.

        The written submissions must include, in the concluding paragraphs, submissions on the appropriate costs orders to be made in the appeal.

        If you refer to a document in the written submissions, you should indicate where the document can be found in the case file in the proceedings in the Appellate Division of the High Court. You should provide:

        • A clear description of the document.
        • The date on which the document was electronically filed.
        • Where the document forms part of an electronic filing, the exact page in the PDF version of the electronic filing where the document may be found.
        Appeals Information SheetThis is to be completed using Form 19, Appendix B, Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021 and is to be filed and served along with the written submissions.

        For Order 19 appeals

        You will receive a notice of appeal from the party who filed the appeal. After that, you will receive the supplemental record of appeal, appellant’s case (including any bundle of authorities), appellant’s core bundle of documents and appellant’s Appeals Information Sheet.

        You must file the following documents within 28 days of the service of the appellant’s case.

        Respondent’s Case (including any bundle of authorities)

        Please note that there is a prescribed page limit of 55 pages for the respondent’s case.

        The respondent’s case must contain certain information (refer to Order 19 Rule 31 of the Rules of Court 2021). For example, it should contain:

        • Your arguments (submissions) for the appeal and authorities (relevant case law, statutes, subsidiary legislation and other material) that support your submissions.
        • In the concluding paragraphs of the respondent’s Case, your submissions on the appropriate costs orders to be made on appeal and submissions on the amount of costs and disbursements that should be awarded.

        The estimated fee for the filing of a respondent’s Case is $1,000 if the page limit is not exceeded. You will need the permission of the court to exceed the prescribed page limit. If you have such permission, the fees that will be imposed are set out at Fees imposed for exceeding page limit. (This does not include additional fees payable to the LawNet & CrimsonLogic Service Bureau.)

         

        Respondent’s core bundle of documents (if any)

        Please note that there is a prescribed page limit of 35 pages.

        When preparing the core bundle of documents, please refer to the requirements set out in paragraph 121 of the Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021.

        Please note that you should not exhibit duplicate documents in the respondent’s core bundle of documents if such documents are already included in the appellant’s core bundle of documents.

        Appeals Information SheetThis is to be completed using Form 19, Appendix B, Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021 and is to be filed and served along with the respondent’s case.

        For both Order 18 appeals and Order 19 appeals

        You should file the relevant documents via eLitigation. If you are representing yourself, visit the LawNet & CrimsonLogic Service Bureau to file. Please ensure that the correct document code is selected for the filing of all documents on eLitigation.

        You must serve the relevant documents for the appeal on the appellant within the prescribed timelines in the Rules of Court 2021. This means giving them a copy of the document in any of the ways set out in Order 7 Rule 3 of the Rules of Court 2021

        Please refer to Points to note for Order 18 appeals and Order 19 appeals.

        For Order 19 appeals, you may file an appellant’s reply within 14 days after the respondent’s case is served on you. The prescribed page limit is 25 pages. Please refer to Order 19 Rule 30(11) and Order 19 Rule 31(4) of the Rules of Court 2021.

        For Order 18 appeals, both parties can only file one set of written submissions and both parties cannot file a further reply

        Alert-2 Note

        This page is for matters that the Rules of Court 2021 apply to. For content relating to matters that the Rules of Court 2014 apply, click here.

        If you are uncertain as to which version of the Rules of Court applies to your matter, click here.


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